A 55-year-old male, with past history of COPD, presented with progressive shortness of breath of five days duration, associated with cough and increased sputum production. He had a 30 pack year smoking history and worked as a clerk in a plumbing store for two decades.
Issue 3 (Mar)
Damage Control Surgery (DCS) is an appropriate approach to the treatment of critically ill patients with severe intraabdominal sepsis. DCS is not a surgical manoeuvre but an alternative treatment mode to primary definitive surgical care. Diverticular perforation is a common complication of diverticulitis and can lead to the creation of abscesses.
A 76-year-old male, with no prior medical history, was referred to our hospital due to odynophagia and fever with 3 days, sudden worsening with dyspnea, drooling, edema and anterior neck pain. Physical examination revealed tachypnea, trismus, halitosis, bulging of the pharyngeal lateral walls and salivary stasis.
Portobiliary fistulas are a rare complication of percutaneous transhepatic biliary procedures that could result in hemorrhage or sepsis. Hence we present a case of a transhepatic biliary drainage insertion in a patient with an underlying Bismuth type IV cholangiocarcinoma which resulted in a portobiliary fistula.
Aphasia causes a significant limitation on the person who suffers it since communication is essential for the human being. Among the behavioural changes observed in people with aphasia, we can highlight impulsive responses, rejection and states of intense anxiety.
Most of the time primary school children experience minor injuries and they always need first aid care to prevent conditions become worse and school teachers are the nearest ones to manage their minor injuries. Lack of knowledge and skills of their teachers may lead to serious health consequences.
Neurofibromatosis type I, also known as Von Recklinghausen disease, is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis caused by a mutation in the NF1 gene on chromosome 17q11.2. It is characterized by a wide range of clinical signs and symptoms comprising macules of cafĂ©-au-lait and tumours of the nerve sheath. Neurofibromas make up 90% of all instances and plexiform tumors are less common.
To evaluate and compare the potential performance of various diffusion parameters obtained from Mono-Exponential Model (MEM), Bi-Exponential Model (BEM), and Stretched Exponential Model (SEM) Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) models in grading of Esophageal Squamous Carcinoma (ESC).
Hydatidosis is a parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus or echinococcal tĂ¦nia, preferentially localized in the lung (20 to 30%) and in the liver (60 to 70%). Intraosseous localization is extremely rare. Imaging features takes a very important place for the diagnosis and therapeutic management such as ultrasound, CT and MRI.
We report a case of a 45-year-old patient with a history of severe alcoholism who presented to the emergency department an impaired unconscious and weakness with upper and lower limbs. The patient was referred to our department for an MRI investigation. MRI showed abnormalities signal in the corpus callosum.
A 43-year-old non-smoker man presented to the emergency department with exertional dyspnoea and left pleuritic pain for 3 days. He denied fever or cough. He had history of pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis and multiple opportunistic infections. At presentation, his oxygen saturation was 94% with venturi mask at 31% and lung auscultation showed basal crackles.
Body packers are smugglers who swallow packets of illicit drugs as a trick of transporting illegal drugs. The main medical hazards for a body packer are the potential possibility of acute drug poisoning due to torn packets, gastrointestinal tract obstruction, and perforation. Here, we report a 36-year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with abdominal pain, nausea.
Rare congenital malformation can lead to the aberrant communication between systemic arterial circulation with pulmonary venous circulation which can range from sequestration to arteriovenous fistulas. We describe a 24 year old female with no significant medical history presenting with dyspnea and hemoptysis.
Erythromelanosis Follicularis Faciei et Colli is a rare variant of Kerastosis pilaris, characterized by a clinical triad of erythema, hyperpigmentation and follicular papules involving bilaterally cheeks, preauricular and maxillary areas of young male or, more rarely, female patients.
Anton syndrome comprises of visual loss from cortical damage with patients not perceiving their own blindness in the absence of psychiatric illness or underlying cognitive impairment. Most commonly it results from bilateral posterior cerebral artery stroke. In 1920, Meyer first reported occipital lobe infarction and postulated compression of branches of the posterior cerebral artery as the causal factor for Anton syndrome.
Cholestatic jaundice in the neonatal period becomes difficult to diagnose because of complex and diverse etiology. The Index case was severe IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction), with a maternal history of infection and leaking per vaginum. The baby cried immediately at birth but was very low birth weight and short for gestation. Soon after birth, the baby developed respiratory distress and had poor activity.
To analyze the characteristics of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) asthenia- and sthenia-syndrome and its correlation with high-risk factors in patients with colorectal polyps in Shenzhen through case retrospective study. 296 eligible patients hospitalized were collected in the Department of TCM in People's Hospital of Shenzhen Baoan District from January 2016 to June 2021, and diagnosed with intestinal polyps.
A 73 year old woman underwent a Hartmann's procedure for stricturing ulcerative colitis of the sigmoid colon. Following the procedure, she developed a tender, ruborous lump in the right lower quadrant, at the site of a recently removed silicone (Blake) abdominal drain. Computed tomographic images revealed herniation of the vermiform appendix in to the tract created by the abdominal drain.
The diagnosis and treatment of other common and chronic diseases under circumstances of COVID-19 epidemic is very serious. This study aimed to summarize and assess the social effects and potential value of combination of Internet hospital with Chinese herbs on the patients suffering from common and chronic diseases.
Extracorporeal Shock wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) has proved to be effective safe and nowadays is the preferred method of treatment of over 90% of upper urinary tract stones [1,2]. Nevertheless, ESWL is not devoid of complications. Although the majorities are trivial and transient, serious complications could occur but are extremely rare.
Carcinoma of the ovaries is one of the most common gynecological malignancies and also a leading cause of death. Most ovarian cancers are generally high-grade serous carcinomas and present at an advanced stage (IIIC) in a majority of patients. The response of chemotherapy in patients is variable and the surgical finding of the state of omentum following chemotherapy has not been described specifically in literature.
Subacute Combined Degeneration (SCD) is a kind of neurodegenerative diseases which is easy to be misdiagnosed because of some promiscuous symptoms and atypical laboratory test results. The prognosis would be poor if patients had clinical symptoms of myelopathy for a long time. Therefore, doctors should combine pre-existing conditions, clinical symptoms and correlated laboratory examinations to make definite diagnosis quickly and accurately.
Lymphedema can be divided into primary and secondary lymphedema depending on the underlying cause. It is a common instance often seen after breast surgery with resulting lymphedema of the adjacent upper extremity. Here we present an astonishing case of 56 year old women who presented with a massive lymphedema mass in the right forearm.
Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin starting from the apocrine glands and mainly involving the axilla, perineum and perianal area. It is clinically defined by the onset of painful subcutaneous nodularities, associated with signs of local inflammation, whose progression proceeds towards the definition of true subcutaneous abscess collections from which fistulous pathways branch off.
We report the case of an 18-year old woman presenting an inferior vena cava-calyceal fistula on a pelvic kidney revealed by chronic pelvic pain and recurrent pyelonephritis 6 months following an iatrogenic renal injury during an ureterscopy for renal stone. Retrograde ureteropyelography imaging showed a fistula between the upper calix and the inferior vena cava.
Bacteremia is a known complication of long-term central venous catheters and one of the most common reasons for removal. Usually, the infection happens after contamination from the skin during handling and rarely from the environmental organism. Roseomonas gilardii is a non-fermentative, oxidative Gram-negative coccobacillus.
Mitral Annular Calcification (MAC) could even be a chronic, degenerative process of the fibrous support structure of the mitral valve. MAC is usually visualized on echocardiography as an echo-dense shelf-like structure with an irregular, lumpy appearance involving the mitral valve annulus, with associated acoustic shadowing. within the Cardiovascular Health Study.
sixty years old patient was admitted to our intensive rehabilitation department after a right nucleo-capsular hemorrhagic stroke. He was affected by hypertension, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, recent infective pneumonia. The day after admission missing of upper fixed dental prosthesis was noticed during neurological evaluation.
Ectopic Parathyroid Adenomas (EPA) can occur in many anatomical locations and the most frequent one was the mediastinum region. Traditionally, the adenoma resection has been performed through conventional thoracotomy or sternotomy. Recently, a few cases of thoracoscopic excision of mediastinal adenoma were reported.
We report a case of 12-year-old boy diagnosed with an unclassified sex cord stromal testicular tumor after a mild testicular trauma and the unclear ultrasound finding of a testicular mass. Physical examination was significant for a mass in the right testis. Scrotal magnetic resonance revealed an 8 millimeters nodular lesion suggestive of a Leydig cell tumor. Tumor markers were negative.
To investigate the characteristics of workers with occupational benzene poisoning in Jiangsu Province during 2006-2018, find out the susceptible population of occupational benzene poisoning and provide some evidence for establishing some exposure standards for workers. Questionnaire is the tool that we adopt to collect basic information of workers. Benzene detector is applied to detect the concentration of benzene in the working environments.
Mounier-Kuhn syndrome, or tracheobronchomegaly, is a rare clinical and radiologic condition characterized by marked tracheobronchial dilation and recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. The syndrome was first described by Mounier-Kuhn in 1932, and few cases have been reported in the medical literature.
Fifty six year old male sustained an injury to the abdominal aorta during his 1992 lumbar disc surgery with subsequent aortocaval shunt formation. In order to close the shunt, his abdominal aorta and both common iliac arteries were ligated and bilateral aortoiliac bypass was implanted. Postoperatively the patient remained asymptomatic for several years.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main reason for morbidity and mortality of patients in hemodialyis. Skin autofluorescence (SAF), a noninvasive measurement method, reflects tissue accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that has been implicated in CVD as a strong marker. The aim of this study was to evaluate SAF profile in hemodialysis patients and to assess the association between SAF and heart failure.
To validate the Multiple Linear Regression Equation (MLR) of predicted dimensions of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD-o, p) and left circumflex artery (LCx-o, p) by remodelling the equation based on the percentage of stenosis present in the artery segments. This helped us to go forward with an objective to explore the possibility of explaining the relationship with a MLR formula.
Stress and burnout among human service professionals have been considered by researchers as an endemic affecting the quality-of-service delivery within the profession. A cross-sectional survey research method through a quantitative approach was used in exploring the psychological effects of burnout among health professionals.
Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) is a serious complication of twin pregnancy, which develops in approximately 10 to 15 percent of monochorionic twin pregnancies while it is very rare in dichorionic pregnancies. At present, fetal laser surgery has become the preferred treatment for stage II to IV TTTS. It has been reported that fetal laser therapy after early diagnosis of TTTS can improve neonatal outcome.
As our population ages and the rate of spine surgery continues to rise, the use of epidural lysis of adhesions has emerged as a popular treatment for spinal stenosis and disc herniation. Percutaneous Epidural Adhesiolysis (PEA) causes pain by preventing the release of increased spinal nerve movement and nerve sensitivity due to nerve compression.
Implant-supported fixed prosthodontics are successful treatment modalities that can be used for full mouth rehabilitation. According to the patient's wishes, great concern was given to the esthetic and function. The purpose of this study is to report the clinical outcomes of full-mouth rehabilitation using flapless implant placement and immediate loading prosthesis in patients.
The co-existence of Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) and Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is extremely rare, and the case of such a patient undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) has never been reported. We present a case report of a 39-year-old male with co-existing AS and SCD who underwent staged bilateral THA with good clinical and radiographic outcomes at 5 years follow-up.
The COVID-19 pandemic that began on 31 December 2019 is considered as the world's most deadly infectious disease of the century. COVID-19 is predominantly a respiratory disease, but it can really affect any organ in the body. This capability depends on several factors such as the method that is utilised by the virus for cell entry.
Sarcoidosis is a complex systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology, characterized by the formation of non-caseous granulomas. It has a biphasic age pattern, with higher incidence in young adults as well as in older people. Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits the Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (HER2) and there are few reports in the literature.
Periodontal healing is a complex process requiring coordinated responses involving gingival epithelium and connective tissue, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone. The understanding of this process is necessary to visualize the outcome of different periodontal procedures which inhibits the further progression of periodontal disease and restore the lost periodontal structures.
With the rise in screening modalities, incidental findings increase. We present a case of a computed tomography (CT) chest lung cancer screen that resulted in the diagnosis of a right ventricular (RV) myxoma. Echocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) led to this diagnosis.
We report the case of a 27-year-old male, presenting with dyspnea and chest pain. Radiographic and echocardiographic evaluations revealed bilateral segmental pulmonary embolism, left lower extremity deep vein thrombosis, and isolated tricuspid valve endocarditis. Microbiologic and serologic tests ruled out an infectious etiology and supported a diagnosis of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis.
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding remains one the most common life-threatening emergencies associated with high morbidity and mortality and requires rapid and effective endoscopic hemostasis. Despite several available endoscopic hemostatic methods (injection therapy, mechanical and thermal therapy).
Eggerthella lenta is an anaerobic, non-spore-forming, nonmotile, gram-positive bacillus commensal in human intestine. It causes genitourinary tract infection, abscess, and wound infection but can lead to disseminated life-threatening septicemia. Risk factors to develop infection secondary to E. Lenta are immunocompromised and elderly patients with pre-existing co-morbidities such as cancer and diabetes mellitus.
A 61-year-old male with a background of COPD and non-small cell lung carcinoma diagnosed ten years prior to presentation was seen with chest symptoms. He was an ex-smoker and presented with exertional dyspnoea, chest pain, cough, and wheeze. He had been on chemoradiotherapy for his cancer.
A 71-year-old Chinese female was admitted with nasal symptoms and biopsy of her right nasal mass confirmed extra-nodal Natural Killer/T (NK/T) cell lymphoma. She was commenced on combination chemotherapy regime consisting of Prednisolone, Vincristine and L-asparaginase. Six days after initiation of chemotherapy, she developed an acute onset of generalized 2 abdominal distension with large amount of ascites.
An 83-year-old man was diagnosed with stage IIIA follicular small cleaved cell lymphoma in June 2021. Treatment with rituximab x4 weekly was initiated. Routine CT scanning was obtained in August 2021 to determine response to treatment. A right-sided indirect inguinal hernia was encountered at this time which had not been present upon prior examinations.
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive within a year of regular unprotected intercourse affecting one in six couples. The most common causes of infertility are ovulatory dysfunction, male factor infertility, and tubal disease. Unexplained Infertility (UI) and Recurrent Implantation Failure (RIF) are diagnoses based on failed pregnancy attempts with current infertility treatment options.
A 20-year old male presented with right flank pain and hematuria. Initial workup for nephrolithiasis by CT imaging revealed a right renal lower pole mass. Biopsy of the renal mass revealed "clusters of spindle cells and mature fat" with no malignant cells found. Subsequent MRI imaging confirmed the presence of the mass, with concern for an infiltrative process.
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetic condition affecting the ability to excrete chloride, resulting in multi-system organ damage. Liver disease is one co-morbidity that affects 20-40% of people with CF. This case describes a 16-year-old male with CF (F508Del and Q493X mutations) who was started one lexacaftor/tezacaftor/ifacaftortriple CF Transmembrane Regulator (CFTR) modulator therapy.
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis is a rare complication of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and the pathogenesis underlying its incidence remains enigmatic. We present a case of a child with a history of ulcerative colitis complicated with Cerebral venous thrombosis, and through the search engine "Pubmed" we performed literature review to select similar cases in Pediatric population.
Venous Leg Ulcers (VLU) can be associated with severe pain, having a tremendous effect on the ulcer treatment and eventually the patient's quality of life. Dressing removal and procedures are the main cause for VLU pain, however, background pain is common in chronic wounds, with numerous patients needing analgesics to manage the pain. ActiGraft is an autologous whole blood clot, created by the patient's own peripheral blood.
Pieter Bruegel's "The Children's Games" demonstrates a wide age range of children participating in a known therapeutic and preventative measure --outdoor play. An interpretation of captivating oil-on-wood masterpiece in the context of recent pediatric and pediatric orthopedic literature is given.
Emphysematous cystitis is a rare entity characterized by gas inside the bladder and in its wall on CT, the gold standard to establish the diagnosis. Few renal transplant recipients have reported few cases, and none of them had associated diabetes over the last ten years. We report the case of a 64-year-old female who had a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and who presented emphysematous cystitis
Coronary artery originating from pulmonary artery is a rare congenital vascular malformation, which generally presents corresponding clinical symptoms with the growth of patients' age. Coronary CTA and angiography are important methods for diagnosis of this disease, and provide evidence for treatment strategies of patients.
COVID-19 became the most challenging health, economic, and social problem of the entire world from the beginning of 2020. Despite the first insight about COVID-19 in children, more critical involvement of children was observed. However, World Health Organization has not approved any preventive drug or curative antibiotic for COVID-19 infection.
A 55-year-old male, smoker, with no other comorbidities, was referred to our hospital with signs and symptoms of acute left lower limb ischemia, which was not salvageable. He underwent an Above Knee Amputation [AKA] to avoid sepsis and relieve pain. He was discharged on therapeutic dose of Rivaroxaban as he had a past history of unprovoked venous thrombo-embolism.
Nonpuerperal mastitis (NPM) is characterized by chronic nonspecific inflammation, complex pathological types, and unclear causes. Prolactin seems to play an important role in the occurrence and development of NPM. This study reports two cases of mastitis with prolactinoma. While treating mastitis, active treatment of prolactinoma and reduction of prolactin levels have achieved good curative effects.
Despite several, there were many Breast Cancer (BC)-related deaths around the world. Searching for new analytical tools for BC detection at early stages is widely demanded. We aimed to evaluate Human Epididymal Protein 4 (HE4) clinical value in BC development and progression. HE4 serum levels were determined by ELISA in females with BC (n=120), benign breast disease (n=40) and healthy women (n=40).
An Eight-year-old boy with high grade fever, abdominal pain and vomiting suspected for typhoid and diagnose by serological test (rapid card test), urine analysis and blood culture were also performed. Rapid card test is very helpful for the detection of IgG and IgM antibodies present in the body in 15-30 minutes of time.
Nasal obstruction is one of the most common complaints of patients in the ENT OPD. The most common causes of nasal obstruction include septal deviation, turbinate hypertrophy, nasal masses and nasal valve narrowing. The nasal valve pathology is often overlooked and attributed wrongly to other factors such as a deviated septum or hypertrophy of turbinates even at the level of tertiary facility
Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD) represents a group of lymphomas, which may develop after solid organ transplantation and decrease the survival of transplant recipients. The main challenge of treatment is to achieve disease remission by avoiding the risk of allograft rejection. This report describes a successful treatment of PTLD in an adult patient who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation as a child and cardiac transplantation as a young adult.
Recently, there have been numerous reports of suspected myocarditis cases following vaccination against Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), although the exact mechanism behind it is still unclear. Shaw KE and colleagues reported four cases of acute myocarditis that were temporally related to the receiving of COVID-19 vaccine based on their Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging findings.
Intussusception is a condition in which one segment of bowel telescopes into an adjacent segment. Intussusception is more common among children than adults, in children it is one of the most common acute abdomen. Intussusception is usually seen at five months of life, peaks at four to nine months, and then gradually declines at around 18 months.
An 89 year old female with diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, hypertension and ischemic heart disease admitted to orthopedic department following intra-capsular neck of femur fracture. While awaiting Austin Moore Hemiarthroplasty (AMH), she developed lower abdominal pain, fever, features of acute cystitis, hematuria and pneumaturia.